(Tetrax tetrax)

This species of steppe habitats is adapted to open plains where the main agricultural activity is a type of mixed farming. Males use fallow grounds or crop fields with short vegetation to perform their courtship display, while females nest in dense vegetation..

Outarde Canepetiere - © A.Audevard- Size: medium size species (wingspan of 105-115 cm).

- Migration behaviour: Two types of populations are present in our area: a migratory one and a sedentary one.

- Diet: It mainly feeds on plants and invertebrates.

- Status: Recent changes in agricultural practices (intensification) have seriously endangered the future of this species, whose numbers have declined in France by more than 80 % over the past thirty years.

- Presence in the Alpilles: The species breeds in agricultural plains. A small population with about 12 males is present in the “Petite Crau” and one isolated displaying male was located in the plain of Senas, south of the gravel pit. The agricultural area in the Little Crau is a mixture of different tessellated cultures (alfalfa, cereals, fallow land, sheep pastures…), while in Senas the agricultural zone is more monotonous and intensively used.

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